What are type 1 and type 2 electric car chargers?

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If you are thinking of buying an electric car, or currently own a vehicle and want to learn more about the differences between type 1 and type 2 chargers, we explain more below.

What are type 1 chargers?

Type 1 EV chargers are known as the ‘slower’ charging cables and feature a 5-pin design. They feature a distinct latch that helps to keep the plug in the charging socket so it is more difficult to dislodge. However, they do not have the locking mechanism that is standard on type 2 chargers. Type 1 chargers are also referred to as a single-phase charging cable.

The main difference between type 1 and type 2 chargers can be seen in charging times. Type 1 chargers typically have a typical power rating of 0.37kW or 7kW. They have an approximate range per hour of charging of 12.5 miles (3.7kW) to 25 miles (7kW) which is based on a 60kWh full battery car that has a range of 200 miles.

What are type 2 chargers?

Type 2 chargers are available in single or three phase, which allows them to offer a much faster rate of charging. For newly built cars, type 2 chargers are the most common type of connector provided by the manufacturer.

They feature 7-pins instead of 5 and come with a locking pin that securely keeps the plug in place while in use, making for a much safer system.

In terms of charging capacity, power ratings for type 2 chargers will either be 3.7kW (with an approximate range per hour of charging of 12.5 miles), 7kW (25 miles) or 22kW (75 miles). As above, this is based on a 60kWh full battery car that has a range of 200 miles.

It is important to note that three-phase infrastructure is still rare in the UK, although you may find it in some large commercial buildings. In most cases, single-phase 7kW devices will be installed in public charge points.

What is rapid charging?

Direct Current (DC) chargers provide the fastest charging speeds. There are three types available, with CHAdeMO connectors offering a range of up to 150 miles per 30 minutes of charging. Combined Charging System (CCS) connectors can deliver as much as 525 miles per half-an-hour of charging and type 2 chargers up to 375 miles per 30 minutes (Tesla superchargers only).

Thinking of installing an electric charger?

AAC are experienced installers of electric car chargers for homes and businesses. To find out more about our range of electric car charger services and to organise a free survey and quote, email carchargers@aac.uk.net or call 01707 32 55 66.

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